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China and the U.S. Are Long-term Enemies

The BriefGet Up To Speed

Is China'€™s ascendancy a threat to the U.S.? China'€™s rise as an economic and military power, coupled with its aggression in the South China Sea, have led some to call for a major rebalance of U.S. policy and strategy. Can China be trusted to act as a responsible global stakeholder? And will they be a long-term ally, or adversary?


Why are we so worried about the Islamic State when Beijing is the real challenge?

Monday, May 11, 2015
Aaron Friedberg

After decades of trying to accommodate China’s rise, proposals for a cooperative relationship are now dead on arrival in the United States.

Tuesday, July 14, 2015
James Clad and Ron Wahid

The United States and China are entering a period of long-term contention likely to get worse during the next administration, no matter which party holds power.

Monday, September 21, 2015
Josh Rogin

We should not discard the approach taken by eight presidents since Nixon in favor of an assumption of inevitable hostility and a strategy of across-the-board rivalry that may be compelling in international relations theory but which no president has found persuasive.

Monday, June 1, 2015
Jeffrey Bader

Conflict is a choice, not a necessity.

Sunday, April 1, 2012
Henry Kissinger

Sino-American conflict is not inevitable, and we cannot give up on what is arguably the most important bilateral relationship in the world.

Tuesday, September 22, 2015
J. Stapleton Roy

The roots of the United States’ long history with China and how our complex past impact’s the nations’ relationship today.

Thursday, October 11, 2012
Dean Cheng

Country profile: background, geography, people and society, economy, energy, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues.

Wednesday, December 31, 1969

Country data and the World Bank’s three main areas of engagement with China.

Wednesday, December 31, 1969
Xi Jinping U.S. Visit

Coverage of President Xi’s trip to America.

Wednesday, December 31, 1969
Jane Perlez

Global, regional, and bilateral subjects China and the U.S. will expand cooperation on.

Friday, September 25, 2015
Office of the Press Secretary

The two Presidents reaffirm their shared conviction that climate change is one of the greatest threats facing humanity and that their two countries have a critical role to play in addressing it.

Friday, September 25, 2015
Office of the Press Secretary

President Barack Obama said Friday that China and the United States had agreed to work to avoid military misunderstandings and desist from cyber theft for commercial gain during a state visit with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

Friday, September 25, 2015
Stephen Collinson

Mr. Xi, who just completed a state visit to Washington and talks with President Obama, spoke at the General Assembly for the first time. Ahead of his appearance, his aides said that the speech would be an ‘inspirational’ effort to lay out China’s vision for a more multipolar world, and was intended to outline his idea of China’s role in the world as it becomes richer and more powerful.

Sunday, September 27, 2015
Jane Perlez

Because the American effort to 'integrate' China into the liberal international order has now generated new threats to U.S. primacy in Asia—and could result in a consequential challenge to American power globally—Washington needs a new grand strategy toward China that centers on balancing the rise of Chinese power rather than continuing to assist its ascendancy."

Wednesday, April 1, 2015
Robert Blackwill and Ashley Tellis

This report addresses the current and probable future course of military-technological development of the People’s Liberation Army and the tenets and probable development of Chinese security strategy and military strategy, and of the military organizations and operational concepts supporting such development over the next 20 years.

Tuesday, April 7, 2015
Office of the Secretary of Defense

This RAND study analyzes the development of respective Chinese and U.S. military capabilities in ten categories of military operations across two scenarios, one centered on Taiwan and one on the Spratly Islands.

Tuesday, March 1, 2016
RAND Corporation

The People’s Republic of China (PRC), the United States, and China’s neighbors face a critical need to improve their understanding of how each state in the region is developing its military power, and find ways to avoid the kind of military competition that could lead to rising tension or conflict. The final review draft of this study examines China military forces and modernization from this perspective.

Tuesday, September 1, 2015
Anthony Cordesman and Steven Colley
Cyber Security

The top U.S. intelligence official said he was skeptical that a new U.S.-China cyber agreement would slow a growing torrent of cyber attacks on U.S. computer networks, adding that his approach will be to ‘trust but verify.’

Tuesday, September 29, 2015
Andrea Shalal

The U.S. and China have been sparring for years over allegations that the Chinese government has been hacking U.S. companies to steal trade secrets. Today the two announced a historic agreement that, at least on its face, puts an end to this kind of spying.

Friday, September 25, 2015
Kim Zetter

Hackers broke into U.S. government computers, possibly compromising the personal data of 4 million current and former federal employees, and investigators were probing whether the culprits were based in China.

Friday, June 5, 2015
Matt Spetalnick and David Brunnstrom

National People's Congress of China released this draft text on July 6, 2015, and it will be available for public comment through August 2015. The law outlines the Chinese government's goals for security standards for technical systems, networks, and user data. It requires companies with operations in China to comply with government requests for regulating and restricting technology use.

Monday, July 6, 2015
Council on Foreign Relations

TPP marks a victory for Japan and other U.S. allies in the battle with China over shaping the future of global commerce.

Monday, October 5, 2015
Mark Magnier and Mitsuru Obe

The TPP is a 12-nation free trade agreement (FTA) that the United States is leading. China initially saw the TPP as being about containment. This was in part due to China’s concerns with the United States’ rebalancing toward Asia, of which the TPP is the economic leg.

Monday, September 21, 2015
Joshua Meltzer

The Trans-Pacific Partnership is in trouble. Trade ministers failed last month to conclude the massive 12-nation trade deal by their hoped-for summer deadline, putting negotiations in danger of collapse.

Saturday, August 22, 2015
Andy Morimoto

When it comes to direct investment in each other’s economies, China and the U.S. are among the world’s underperformers. This PIIE Briefing examines prospects for a U.S.-China BIT.

Sunday, February 1, 2015
Peterson Institute for International Economics

A high-quality US-China BIT would give American companies better access to China’s market, and equal rights as Chinese firms. These guarantees would provide American companies with a better opportunity to expand in China – the world’s second largest economy, with a middle class that will soon be larger than the population of the United States.

Wednesday, December 31, 1969
Regional Development Banks

U.S. officials have declared what amounts to a truce in their campaign over China’s Asian infrastructure bank, claiming they have secured commitments from Beijing to address Washington’s concerns as well as a ‘meaningfully increase’ its financial contributions to the World Bank and other potential regional rivals to the new institution.

Sunday, September 27, 2015
Shawn Donnan

China’s president, Xi Jinping, hosted 56 member countries for the founding of a Chinese-led infrastructure bank for Asia, including major American allies from Asia and Europe that Washington had counseled not to join the bank.

Monday, June 29, 2015
Jane Perlez

One would have thought that the AIIB’s launch, and the decision of so many governments to support it, would be cause for universal celebration.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015
Joseph Stiglitz

Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (the so-called BRICS countries) agreed to establish a New Development Bank at their summit meeting.

Thursday, July 17, 2014
Raj Desai and James Vreeland
Human Rights

The Communist Party wants to squeeze civil society. That would be unwise as well as unjust.

Saturday, August 22, 2015
The Economist
Public Opinion

Anti-corruption measures are popular, but other events are garnering a collective shrug.

Monday, September 28, 2015
David Wertime

Forty percent of Americans regard ‘the economic power of China’ as a critical threat to the vital interests of the U.S., down from 52% in both 2013 and 2014.

Thursday, February 26, 2015
Jeffrey Jones

The underlying beliefs that people in the United States and China hold toward each other in the security realm are likely to influence, directly or indirectly, each side’s foreign policy with regard to the bilateral relationship.

Tuesday, September 22, 2015
Edited by Alastair Iain Johnston and MingMing Shen
China/Xi Jinping

China’s president has staked his reputation on fulfilling the ‘Chinese Dream.’ Here’s what he envisions.

Monday, September 21, 2015
Benjamin Carlson

A condensed excerpt of one Chinese hawk’s view of what the “China Age” will look like, and his roadmap for how China will get there.

Thursday, June 4, 2015
Liu Mingfu