Wednesday, November 14, 2012
It was 1971 when President Richard Nixon declared a "war on drugs." $2.5 trillion dollars later, drug use is half of what it was 30 years ago, and thousands of offenders are successfully diverted to treatment instead of jail. And yet, 22 million Americans-9% of the population-still uses illegal drugs, and with the highest incarceration rate in the world, we continue to fill our prisons with drug offenders. Decimated families and communities are left in the wake. Is it time to legalize drugs or is this a war that we're winning?
Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center
Editor in Chief of Reason.tv and Reason.com
Former Administrator, Drug Enforcement Administration
Dietrich Weismann Fellow, Manhattan Institute
Author & Correspondent for ABC News
Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center
Paul Butler is a leading criminal law scholar and current Law Professor at Georgetown University Law Center. He served as a Federal Prosecutor with the U.S. Department of Justice, where his specialty was public corruption. While at the Department of Justice, Professor Butler also served as a special assistant U.S. attorney, prosecuting drug and gun cases. Butler provides legal commentary for CNN, NPR, and the Fox News Network. He has been featured on 60 Minutes and profiled in the Washington Post. He has written for the Post, the Boston Globe, and the Los Angeles Times and is the author of Let’s Get Free: A Hip-Hop Theory of Justice (2009).Learn more
Editor in Chief of Reason.tv and Reason.com
Nick Gillespie is editor in chief of Reason.com and ReasonTV, the online platforms of Reason, the libertarian magazine of "Free Minds and Free Markets." Gillespie's work has appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, The Los Angeles Times, The New York Post, Slate, Salon, Time.com, Marketplace, and numerous other publications. As one of America’s “foremost libertarians,” Gillespie is also a frequent commentator on radio and television networks such as National Public Radio, CNBC, CNN, C-SPAN, Fox Business, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, and PBS.Learn more
Former Administrator, Drug Enforcement Administration
Asa Hutchinson is CEO of Hutchinson Group, a homeland security consulting firm, and practices law in Northwest Arkansas. Hutchinson was the first Under Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. In that capacity, he was responsible for border and transportation security. He is a three time Member of Congress from Arkansas serving from 1997-2001. Following his third term reelection, Hutchinson was appointed by President George W. Bush as Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). He is also an adjunct professor at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowmen School of Law teaching National Security Law.Learn More
Dietrich Weismann Fellow, Manhattan Institute
Theodore Dalrymple is a retired prison doctor and psychiatrist, who most recently practiced in a British inner city hospital and prison. He is the Dietrich Weismann Fellow at the Manhattan Institute, a contributing editor of City Journal, and a contributor to the London Spectator, The New Criterion, and other leading magazines and newspapers. In 2011, Dalrymple received the Freedom Prize from the Flemish think tank Libera!.Learn more
56% voted the same way in BOTH pre- and post-debate votes (35% voted FOR twice, 14% voted AGAINST twice, 7% voted UNDECIDED twice). 44% changed their mind (6% voted FOR then changed to AGAINST, 4% voted FOR then changed to UNDECIDED, 6% voted AGAINST then changed to FOR, 2% voted AGAINST then changed to UNDECIDED, 16% voted UNDECIDED then changed to FOR, 10% voted UNDECIDED then changed to AGAINST) | Breakdown Graphic
Mr. Hutchinson dwelled almost exclusively on Methamphetamine when he responded. This was a deliberate attempt to strike fear into the audience, (he also threw children under the bus in a similar fashion), a time-worn basic tactic of the DEA mindset. He barely addressed any other substances.
I am convinced that if Nixon had not created the DEA, the 'drug phenomenon' that was present during the '60s would have petered out. Unfortunately, the DEA turned the "Drug War" into a media circus, aided and abetted by a most willing media, and so publicized it, that I am sure that millions tried drugs strictly out of curiosity, and still do so to this day. I contend that the DEA, NIDA, ODNCP, and DOJ have created a self-perpetuating bureaucratic monster that has cost us, the taxpayers upwards of 1.8 Trillion Dollars in the 40 years this abominable instrument of moral control has existed. I do not believe that putting someone in prison, (or criminalizing an individual for drug use, with it's attendant stigmatization, loss of job opportunities, etc), for taking a substance that the DEA says is illegal. The National Institutes of Health should be the correct agency for determining the toxicity of a drug, not the DEA, which up until now, arbitrarily sets the "Schedule" a drug is assigned to. It is this absolute control and ability for the DEA to operate with nearly total impunity that has created such worldwide chaos. I was hoping that the gentlemen for the issue would have brought up the DEAs, (and CIA), meddling in the internal affairs in Bolivia, (pre-Morales), which eventually left the DEA and CIA in virtual control of the entire country. These egregious acts are never reported in the mass media, but they occur on a regular basis. When Evo Morales came to power in Bolivia, he threw out all DEA and CIA operatives because they violated the very sovereignty of his nation. How can a drug that is used by a very small percentage of the population, (5-10 million regular users of Cocaine), merit this kind of illegal activity? I say there is no justification for this kind of heavy-haded thuggish, paramilitary policy. The government of this country has NO RIGHT WHATSOEVER to dictate to us, ITS CITIZENS, what we can and cannot put into our bodies. Metaphysical experiences, via various drugs as used for recreation, should not fall under the perview of the US Government. There will always be a very small segment of the population that will abuse whatever chemical they can and become either physically or mentally dependant. That is basic human nature. Putting them in chains and prison will not solve a thing. The "Drug War" was lost 40 years ago. Time to End The Madness. Time to end the "Drug War".
I believe that the legalization alternative that makes sense is to eliminate the Scheduling of Drugs - Eliminate the Good Drug / Bad Drug Distinction (although there are clearly those with negative effects).. It is clear that the war on drugs had failed completely to do anything to reduce drug use, reduce drug availability or to eliminate or even reduce drug crime - in fact it has vastly increased violent drug crimes. At the same time we have incarcerated the largest percentage of population of any country in the world. All at a monstrous toll on society and at the cost of a decimation of our fundamental freedoms and erosion of civil rights.
The alternative of descheduling all drugs would allow all drugs to be obtained ONLY by seeing a doctor for a prescription and then having that prescription filled at a pharmacy.
State medical boards would need to have vigorous power to investigate and terminate or prosecute the priviledges of doctors who would abuse their priviledges to their benefit and to the detriment of their patients. Penalties would have to remain for illegally distributing prescription drugs (dealing).
Although you could go to your doctor to get a prescription for drugs which are currently illegal, who is more likely to assist you in getting help for your addiction? Your doctor or your local dealer? Doctors could maintain addicts, and help them get off of their drugs. They would be unlikely to write new prescriptions for dangerous drugs like meth.
This would not eliminate all drug problems - but it would undercut the illegal drug economy. It would eliminate possession as a crime, while of course we could then pass sensible legislation - legislation which focuses on behavior. So that being under the influence of drugs, or alcohol in public, or driving under the influence, assaulting somebody, etc - would have obvious enhanced penalties.
It is time we had a different approach. An approach that makes sense, something that stands a chance of working and which will address the worst failings of the War on Drugs (The unconscienciable incarceration rate, the unimaginable violence, the entrenched beurocracy in the DEA that now campaigns to control drug laws, not enforce drug laws).
Of course, that is just my opinion.
I am not for legalizing drugs. Perhaps marijuana, but nothing more harmful like meth, LSD, MDMA, crack concaine, etc. Because the debaters that is for legalized drugs. Forget that drugs & violence go together. You cannot encounter one without the other. Why? Simple; Money. Money will make one kill another because of their addiction. Or who is to say that the worst of society won't use addiction to manipulate the addicted. Legalized is to be controlled you can argue, but drug addiction is already hard enough to control, not the drug itself. You cannot give harmful drugs the path to spread. Because it will. Don't ask why people legalized alcohol & not drugs. Because people don't get as addicted to alcohol as they do drugs. Granted they do, but not to the point where they would sell their TV sets for a fix.
While I agree with the consensus of the majority of people who favor legalizing drugs, I believe a good first step is to separate marijuana, from being grouped with all of the other drugs.
This would make it easier for more Americans to support, while still saving a lot of wasted money spent on this futile war and stop the unnecessary incarceration of non-violent offenders.
Three points in favor of the opposition that I am very surprised they did not make:
1) Regarding the comparison to alcohol and prohibition...there is a perfectly responsible, moral, and legitimate "use" of alcohol as a beverage (think glass of wine with dinner). "Abuse" occurs when it is consumed in sufficient quantities to alter consciousness and impair judgment. The abuse leads to undesirable effects on the individual (disease, addiction) and society (acts committed under impaired judgment that harm others -- e.g. violence, crime, drunken driving). There is no responsible "use" of drugs. One does not enjoy a shot of heroine or a line of cocaine with dinner. The only purpose of taking a drug is to achieve impaired consciousness and judgment -- they are never "used" in a manner that does not produce that result. In so far as the *only* aim of using drugs is to produce a response that can endanger both the individual and society, it is perfectly reasonable to draw a line of distinction between alcohol and drugs and permit one while outlawing the other.
2) In the United States, tens of thousands of pharmaceutical compounds used to treat disease are restricted by law such that they can only be dispensed by a licensed pharmacist under orders from a licensed physician. The reason for this is simple -- these medications have the potential to cause harm to an individual if taken incorrectly. Would it not be absurd to maintain this system of regulation that prevents someone from buying blood pressure medicine "over the counter," but allow that same individual to purchase heroin or cocaine or methamphetamine, the *only* effects of which -- in any dose -- are harmful to that individual? Would those who advocate legalizing drugs seek to remove the regulation of pharmaceuticals as well? If not, upon what logic do they make a distinction?
3) A matter of simple practicality: if all drugs were legalized, who could or would actually sell them? CVS? Walmart? When the first person dies of an overdose of heroin bought legally from a business and then his family sues the business, would any court not find in favor of the plaintiff? (Remember that our courts found in favor of a plaintiff who sued McDonald's for millions because she burned herself on hot coffee.) Would any insurer be willing to insure a business that stocks and sells hard drugs? Exactly how is full legalization going to work as its proponents imagine? It can't, de facto. And so it will not eliminate the criminal market.
In China, recreational use of opium began in the 15th century, but was limited by its rarity and expense. Opium trade became more regular by the 17th century, when it was mixed with tobacco for smoking, and addiction was first recognized. Opium prohibition in China began in 1729, yet was followed by nearly two centuries of increasing opium use. After 1860, opium use continued to increase with widespread domestic production in China, until by 1905 more than 25% of the male population were regular consumers. Recreational or addictive opium use in other nations remained rare into the late 19th century.
When Mao came to power in 1949 there were an estimated 20 million users in China. Using harsh methods, including executions, the Communists were able to rid China of its drug problem almost over night.
Those of you who don't agree with drug legalization being added to our plethora of life style choices, don't worry, we're on a path to communism in America anyway. Why not stay a democracy and respect the authority of law for the next generation. Quit thinking of yourself; defer this drug called immediate gratification. Currently, China has tough drug laws. Getting caught dealing or trafficking even small amounts of drugs can bring someone a death sentence.
Paul Butler and Nick Gillespie together are totally and unbelievably heroic. Butler for President, Gillespie for VP on the LP ticket!!!!!
If you're familiar with fallacious arguments, you'll notice that Hutchinson and Dalrymple stand in favor of un-American tyranny, and pure appeals to authority, without properly addressing any of the arguments of the legalizers. Drug prohibition is un-American.
I totally agree the question was way too broad. If the money being spent on this unwinnable war on drugs was instead put into education the money would have been well spent. Also if the government taxed the drugs as they do all other drugs from booze to RX drugs it were sure help the deficit.
While I agree that marijuana is different from other drugs in that it is far safer than most of them, the real problem is that people focus on the drugs when discussing prohibition and the drugs are not the problem; the problem is prohibition itself.
It is the law that does the damage by interfering in peoples' lives and putting the general community under serious pressure to conform to ideals a lot of people just can't live up to.
The law also takes access to law from people and it puts a huge flowing river of money outside the legitimate economy to be managed by the most ruthless people on the planet.
Prohibition forces corruption, criminality, violence, war and poverty on the world.
Prohibition is a crime against humanity.
Certainly not as good of a debate as I had hoped. It was actually limited because of the broad motion "legalize ALL drugs" . So one side would sight something like marijuana and then the other side would site something like meth. It still was interesting, but the topic really should have included specific drugs or just marijuana since that is really what is on peoples mind.
Conjecture, Theory, Statistics.... There is only one way to find out whether or not legalizing drugs will be a good/bad thing. TRY IT! Run an experiment, evaluate the results, and you will know. : )
I'm surprised Mr. Gillespie implied that children raised in households where drugs are commonly and responsibly used will be less likely to abuse drugs than children raised in households where drugs are not used or condoned. In my experience, peers who regularly got drunk did not come from homes where the parents were teetotalers, but rather from homes where it was accepted or even encouraged. Is his statement based on some evidence?
"But when you see your parents having a glass of wine with dinner and acting responsibly around an intoxicant, you learn a very strong lesson there that is going to be much more beneficial to you than if you grow up in a teetotaler house and then you have the unfortunate experience of going to Yale and Harvard like Paul here."
Tyler, Here is what your former boss Newt Gingrich thinks: O'Reilly: "Now, they have no drug problem in Singapore at all, number one, because they hang drug dealers -- they execute them. And number two, the market is very thin, because when they catch you using, you go away with a mandatory rehab. You go to some rehab center, which they have, which the government has built.The United States does not have the stomach for that. We don't have the stomach for that, Mr. Speaker." Gingrich: "Well, I think it's time we get the stomach for that, Bill. And I think we need a program -- I would dramatically expand testing. I think we have -- and I agree with you. I would try to use rehabilitation, I'd make it mandatory. And I think we have every right as a country to demand of our citizens that they quit doing illegal things which are funding, both in Afghanistan and in Mexico and in Colombia, people who are destroying civilization." Aren't you proud to have worked for such a great freedom-loving repub? Good times.anonone
Can't believe Asa said that the first thing he would do if he knew his daughter were using would be to go after the people who sold her the drugs. This is unbelievable that his first concern is not of the child using, her personal problems or addictions that might be coming to the surface. Also, this entirely takes the blame off of his daughter. She would be responsible for her choices. Its her that will deal with the consequences (good or bad).
Furthermore, even if every drug were outlawed this type of attitude is always pointing the finger at someone else. What if she had a problem texting and driving, would he go after the phone and automobile companies too? There is an immense lack of responsibility in play here and I can't believe the opposition didn't hit this point harder.
I would like to have heard a debate on decriminalizing marijuana, or perhaps "there is no quantitative difference in alcohol and tobacco and marijuana"; but that was not the topic. Instead, the "for" side was forced to argue just as strongly for meth as they were for weed.
Still, I was happy to listen to this with my 13 year old on our way to school over the last couple days, as her class is currently studying the dangers of drug use- painted with just as broad a brush as this debate topic.
She saw the nuance in the arguments and developed some really interesting questions and comments around the subject, which are growing into a broad and open discussion in our household.
Thank you, iq2, for giving our family an excellent "jumping in" point for this very important subject.
This debate was a farce. As a resident of Colorado I didn't vote to legalize every class 1 drug known to mankind. I voted to legalize/decriminalize marijuana.
I felt there was a disconnect between the for side's argument regarding legalization reducing the amount of minorities imprisoned, and the social benefits afforded by legalization.
Is there information to suggest that legalization of drugs would enrich communities that turn to the drug trade for sustenance? What are the probabilities of legalized drugs being replaced by a different black market commodity?
I feel like the imprisonment issue requires resolution through a wider scope.
I really think that the goal of these debates on controversial topics is noble. However, very often the topic is too broad and the sides tend to talk past each other. For this debate, I think that the major issue of our time is marijuana legalization and I would have preferred a specific debate of that notion.
Please disentangle the two discussions, "legalizing all drugs" versus "legalizing pot", as they are significantly different, and it is immature as a collective to lump pot with other drugs, just because it is convenient for the intellectually lazy people, and those refusing to consider EACH "drug" on their own merits and dangers.
If you wish to be considered intellectually relevant, please be more thoughtful about the premises of the debates you wish to have.
Thank you for at least trying to have an intellectual discussion on either/both of these topics.
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